Conditions Treated

Conditions Treated

Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children, Adolescents and Teens

ADHD, also called attention-deficit disorder, is a behavior disorder, usually first diagnosed in childhood, that is characterized by inattention, impulsivity, and, in some cases, hyperactivity. These symptoms usually occur together; however, one may occur without the other(s).

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Anorexia Nervosa in Adolescents and Teens

Anorexia nervosa (AN), a form of self-starvation, is an eating disorder characterized by a distorted body image that leads to restricted eating and other behavior that prevents a person from gaining weight. Anorexia nervosa is sometimes referred to as anorexia.

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Anxiety Disorders in Children

Many different anxiety disorders that affect children and adolescents require clinical care by a doctor or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview.

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Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a problem that affects a child’s nervous system and growth and development. It usually shows up during a child’s first 3 years of life. Some children with ASD seem to live in their own world. They are not interested in other children and lack social awareness. A child with ASD focuses on following a routine that may include usual behaviors. A child with the disorder also often has problems communicating with others and may not start speaking as soon as other children. He or she may not want to make eye contact with other people.

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Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a broad term that describes a group of nonprogressive brain (neurological) disorders that cause the loss of normal motor function. It is a lifelong condition that affects the communication between the brain and the muscles. CP affects body movement, muscle control, muscle coordination, reflex, posture, and balance. It may result from several problems, such as:

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Conduct Disorder in Children

Conduct disorder is a behavior disorder sometimes diagnosed in childhood. A child with this disorder may show antisocial behaviors. These behaviors violate the rights of others, as well as basic social standards and rules. These behaviors may include:

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Craniofacial Disorders

Craniofacial Disorders

"Craniofacial" includes the bones of the head (cranium or skull) and the face. Some children are born with disorders of the face or head. Some children have injuries to the face or head that need treatment or surgery.

Topics included in craniofacial disorders and children include: 

  • Apert syndrome
  • cleft lip
  • cleft palate
  • craniosynotosis
  • Goldenhar syndrome
  • jaw fractures
  • plagiocephaly or flattened head

More information

How to Use the Special Needs Feeder - English

How to Use the Special Needs Feeder - Spanish

Support Groups

Happy Faces Craniofacial Foundation of AZ

Learn more or schedule an appointment:

Barrow Neurological Institute at Phoenix Children's Hospital

Cleft and Craniofacial Center

(602) 933-0970

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Down Syndrome (Trisomy 21)

Most people have 23 pairs of chromosomes in their cells. Trisomy means that a person has 3 of a certain chromosome pair. For example, if a baby is born with 3 No. 21 chromosomes, rather than the usual pair, the child would have trisomy 21. Trisomy 21 is also known as Down syndrome.

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Failure to Thrive

Failure to thrive is defined as slowed down or arrested physical growth and is associated with abnormal growth and development. The reason for failure to thrive is inadequate nutrition. Previously, failure to thrive was categorized as either organic (underlying medical condition) or nonorganic (no known medical condition). However, this categorization is considered outdated as the causes and effects of malnutrition are usually intertwined in most children.

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Headaches in Children

A headache is pain or discomfort in the head or face area. Headaches can be single or recurrent in nature, and localized to one or more areas of the head and face.

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Hearing Loss in Children

Three types of hearing loss are sensorineural, conductive, and mixed (sensorineural and conductive). These types of hearing loss can be congenital (present at birth) or acquired (not present at birth).

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Learning Disorders

A learning disorder is when a child has trouble learning in certain academic areas. Your child may have trouble with reading, math, or writing. The child's ability to achieve in the specific academic area is below what is expected for the child's age, educational level, and level of intelligence. The child’s difficulty is severe enough to interfere with academic achievement or age-appropriate activities of daily living. About 8% of children in schools are classified as having specific learning disabilities and receive some kind of special education support.

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Mental Health

Mental Health

Mental health is about the child's mind. A child's mental health is as important as his or her physical health.

Topics on children's mental health include:

  • bipolar disorder
  • childhood disintegrative disorder
  • crisis intervention
  • depression
  • elective mutism
  • firesetting
  • managing violent behavior
  • manic depressive illness
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • oppositional defiant disorder
  • post-traumatic stress disorder
  • self injurious behavior
  • self stimulating behavior
  • suicide
  • trichotillomania

Barrow at Phoenix Children's Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Program | Pediatric Psychology Program

 
Visit these websites for more information:

Bipolar Disorder - - National Alliance on Mental Illness

Facts for Families - American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

Going to a Therapist - Teens Health, The Nemours Foundation

Help for Families - The Tourette Syndrome Association

Mental Health First Aid - Division of Behavioral Health Services - AZDHS

 

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Migraine Headaches During Pregnancy

Headaches are quite common in pregnancy. The most common are tension headaches and migraine headaches. Most headaches come and go, but others may be more bothersome or may be caused by other problems. It is important to talk with your healthcare provider about any headaches you have before, during, or after pregnancy.

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Mood Disorders in Children and Adolescents

Click on the links below to learn more about these topics.

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Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a broad term that describes a genetic (inherited) disorder of the muscles. Muscular dystrophy causes the muscles in the body to become very weak. Over time, the muscles break down and are replaced with fatty deposits.

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Neuromuscular Disorders

There are many neuromuscular disorders that require clinical care by a doctor or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview.

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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder in which a person has an unreasonable thought, fear, or worry that he or she tries to manage by performing a ritual activity to reduce the anxiety. Disturbing thoughts or images that happen often are called obsessions, and the repeated rituals performed to try to prevent or dispel them are called compulsions.

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Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a behavior disorder. It is usually diagnosed in childhood. Children with ODD have uncooperative, defiant, negativistic, irritable, and annoying behaviors toward parents, peers, teachers, and other authority figures. Children and teens with ODD are more distressing or troubling to others than they are distressed or troubled themselves.

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Orthopedic Problems

There are many different orthopedic problems that can affect adolescents and require the clinical care of a physician or other healthcare professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview.

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Sleep Disorders

Sleep Disorders

We all sleep, and children sleep more than adults. Sometimes children have trouble sleeping. Sometimes parents want to help their children fall asleep and stay asleep.

Sleep topics include:

  • bedwetting
  • central sleep apnea
  • getting your child to sleep
  • insomnia
  • night terrors
  • nightmares
  • sleep disorders
  • sleep problems in mentally handicapped children
  • sleep-wake schedule disorders
  • sleep walking

Phoenix Children's Comprehensive Sleep Program

 

Visit these websites for more information:

Apnea - Kids Health for Parents, The Nemours Foundation

Bedwetting - Kids Health, The Nemours Foundation

Bedwetting (Nocturnal Enuresis) - Teens Health, The Nemours Foundation

Nightmares and Night Terrors in Children - FamilyDoctor.org, American Academy of Family Physicians

Sleep Problems - Teens Health, The Nemours Foundation

Sleepwalking in Children - FamilyDoctor.org, American Academy of Family Physicians

 

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Spina Bifida

Spina bifida is a birth defect that causes problems with the spine, spinal cord, and the surrounding nerves. It can cause part of the spinal cord and areas around it to develop outside of the body. This problem can happen anywhere along the spine.

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Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Spinal muscular atrophy is a genetic disease that affects the motor neurons in the spinal cord, resulting in muscle wasting and weakness.

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Stroke in Children

A stroke is a brain injury caused by the interruption of blood flow to part of the brain. Stroke can be caused by a blocked blood vessel (ischemic stroke) or by bleeding in the brain (hemorrhagic stroke). The brain needs a constant supply of oxygen, which is carried by the blood. When blood flow stops, brain cells start to die.

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Tourette Disorder

Tourette disorder (TD), sometimes called Tourette syndrome (TS), is a neurological disorder characterized by multiple repeated tics. Tics are abrupt, purposeless, and involuntary vocal sounds or muscular jerks. Symptoms of TD usually begin between the ages of 5 and 10 years, and usually begin with mild, simple tics involving the face, head, or arms. With time, tics may happen more often and increase in variety. They may also involve more body parts, such as the trunk or legs, and often become more disruptive to activities of daily living (ADLs).

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Head Injury in Children

Head injuries are one of the most common causes of disability and death in children. The injury can be as mild as a bump, bruise (contusion), or cut on the head. Or, it can be moderate to severe causing concussion, a deep cut or open wound, fractured skull bone(s), or internal bleeding and damage to the brain.

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