Programs & Services

Pediatric Movement Disorders Program 



Pediatric movement disorders affect purposeful movement in children and adolescents. Patients experience abnormal muscle tone and/or unwanted movements that disrupt their quality of life. Conditions we treat include spasticity and cerebral palsy, tics and Tourette syndrome, dystonia, chorea, ataxia, myoclonus and gait disorders.

The neurosurgeons, neurologists and rehabilitation specialists at the Cerebral Palsy and Pediatric Movement Disorders Program at Barrow at Phoenix Children's are dedicated to help children living with movement disorders have rich, fulfilling lives. We integrate state-of-the-art medical treatment with cognitive-behavioral approaches in order to offer the most appropriate treatment for a given child. Comprehensive procedural and surgical options, including botulinum toxin injections, intrathecal baclofen pumps, selective dorsal rhizotomy and pediatric deep brain stimulation are available for carefully-selected patients from our expert surgical team. Our pediatric rehabilitation experts implement individualized plans designed to maximize function via ongoing therapeutic exercise and the use of adaptive and supportive equipment. Finally, we are closely aligned with local and national family groups and research/advocacy networks to provide needed support to the entire family.


The Pediatric Movement Disorders Program is the core movement disorders program at Barrow at Phoenix Children’s. Led by Michael Kruer, MD, patients and families can expect to receive access to expert diagnostic and treatment options.


Michael Kruer, MD

Dr. Kruer’s expertise is in movement disorders in children. He attended the University of Arizona College of Medicine, and completed his residency at Phoenix Children’s Hospital followed by fellowship training at Oregon Health & Science University. Dr. Kruer is board-certified in pediatrics, neurology with special qualification in child neurology and neurodevelopmental disabilities. In addition to serving as medical director of the Cerebral Palsy and Pediatric Movement Disorders Program at Barrow at Phoenix Children's, he also directs the Neurogenetics Research Program at Barrow at Phoenix Children's where his laboratory focuses on uncovering the molecular basis of childhood movement disorders in order to improve diagnosis and treatment.

Read Dr. Kruer's pediatric movement disorders article in Pediatrics in Review.

Contact us

To schedule an appointment, contact (602) 933-0970. For research-related questions, please contact Bethany Norton, research program manager, at

Our Partners

Dystonia Medical Research Foundation

National Ataxia Foundation

Tourette Association of America

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